Slave boson

The Slave Boson method is a method for dealing with models of strongly correlated systems, providing a method to second-quantize valence fluctuations within a restrictive manifold of states. 
In the 1960s the physicist John Hubbard introduced an operator, now named the


The Slave Boson method is a method for dealing with models of strongly correlated systems, providing a method to second-quantize valence fluctuations within a restrictive manifold of states. In the 1960s the physicist John Hubbard introduced an operator, now named the "Hubbard Operator" to describe the creation of an electron within a restrictive manifold of valence configurations. Consider for example, a rare earth or actinide ion in which strong Coulomb interactions restrict the charge fluctuations to two valence states, such as the Ce4+(4f0) and Ce3+ (4f1) configurations of a mixed valent Cerium compound. The corresponding quantum states of these two states are the singlet state and the magnetic state, where is the spin. The fermionic Hubbard operators that link these states are then
Read article on Wikipedia