Singapore math is a teaching method based on Singapore Ministry of Education national primary mathematics curriculum used for grade one through sixth grade in Singapore schools. The term was coined in the United States to describe an approach originally developed in Singapore to teach students to learn and master fewer mathematical concepts at greater detail as well as having them learn these concepts using a three-stage learning process: concrete, pictorial, and abstract. In the concrete stage, students engage in hands-on learning experiences using physical objects which can be everyday items such as paper clips, toy blocks or math manipulates such as counting bears, link cubes and fraction discs. This is followed by drawing pictorial representations of mathematical concepts. Students then solve mathematical problems in an abstract way by using numbers and symbols.