SOGIN is an Italian state-owned enterprise responsible for nuclear decommissioning as well as management and disposal of radioactive waste produced by industrial, research and medical processes. Founded in 1999 following the 1987 Italian referendums on nuclear power, SOGIN was originally part of state owned ENEL but became independent, but still government owned, in 2000. The company initially took over the Caorso, Enrico Fermi, Garigliano and Latina nuclear power plants, later adding other sites including ENEA's EUREX. The company has commenced the decommissioning of all the plants and is predicted to complete the work in 2036. The company has been involved in environmental remediation, radioactive waste management and nuclear safety work in Armenia, Bulgaria, China, Czech Republic, France, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Romania, Russia, Slovakia and the Ukraine. SOGIN also undertakes other decontamination work and in 2005 started to help to decommission nuclear submarines of the Russian Navy.
La SOGIN è la società dello Stato italiano responsabile dello smantellamento degli impianti nucleari italiani (decommissioning) e della gestione e messa in sicurezza dei rifiuti radioattivi prodotti dalle attività industriali, di ricerca e di medicina nucleare.