Jorhat is one of the major cities of Assam and a doorway to both Assam and Nagaland. It is the headquarter of Jorhat district, which was carved out of the Sivasagar district in 1983. It is one of Assam's largest cities and derives its name from two haats or bazaars "Masorhaat and Sowkihaat" on the banks of River Bhugdoi, a tributary of the river Brahmaputra. The place has a history of the mighty Ahom Kingdom; one of the Ahom warriors liberated the city from the Mughal rulers for which he retains the respect of the people of Assam. The city is also home to the renowned historical monuments of Assamese culture. It has powerful water-bodies like the Brahmaputra River, which forms the largest riverine island in the world, Majuli, the principal place of pilgrimage of Vaishnavites since the times of the Ahom rulers. The cultural diversities which prevailed in Jorhat nearly a century ago has inspired the people to participate in cultural activities through the decades and as a result Jorhat has been able to produce many creative writers, musician, actors, historians and journalists, terming Jorhat "The Cultural Capital of Assam".