Charters Towers is a rural town in the Charters Towers Region, Queensland, Australia. It is 136 kilometres (85 mi) by road south-west from Townsville on the Flinders Highway. During the last quarter of the 19th century the town boomed as the rich gold deposits under the city were developed. After becoming uneconomic in the 20th century, profitable mining operations have commenced once again. In the 2016 census, Charters Towers had a population of 8,120 people.