1.96

In probability and statistics, 1.96 is the approximate value of the 97.5 percentile point of the standard normal distribution. 95% of the area under a normal curve lies within roughly 1.96 standard deviations of the mean, and due to the central limit theorem, this number is therefore used in the construction of approximate 95% confidence intervals. Its ubiquity is due to the arbitrary but common convention of using confidence intervals with 95% coverage rather than other coverages. This convention seems particularly common in medical statistics, but is also common in other areas of application, such as earth sciences, social sciences and business research.


In probability and statistics, 1.96 is the approximate value of the 97.5 percentile point of the standard normal distribution. 95% of the area under a normal curve lies within roughly 1.96 standard deviations of the mean, and due to the central limit theorem, this number is therefore used in the construction of approximate 95% confidence intervals. Its ubiquity is due to the arbitrary but common convention of using confidence intervals with 95% coverage rather than other coverages. This convention seems particularly common in medical statistics, but is also common in other areas of application, such as earth sciences, social sciences and business research.
Read article on Wikipedia